Kim Carr has been a Labor Senator for Victoria for 20 years. He has been a member of the Australian Labor Party for nearly 40 years and a member of Australian Labor Party’s National Executive since 1994. He is a leading figure in Labor's left faction.
Senator Carr was born in Tumut, New South Wales, and educated at the University of Melbourne, where he obtained a Master of Arts degree in history and a Diploma of Education. He was a teacher at Glenroy Technical School for almost a decade before becoming a policy analyst for Victorian government ministers Joan Kirner and Andrew McCutcheon.
Kim Carr was elected to the Australian Senate at the March 1993 election. However, he filled a casual vacancy after John Button’s resignation. He joined the frontbench in March 1996 as manager of opposition business in the Senate.
In opposition he was variously Shadow Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research, Public Administration and Open Government, Indigenous Affairs and Reconciliation, Arts, Housing, Urban Development, Local Government and Territories, and represented Labor on Education in the Senate.
After Labor's victory in the 2007 federal election, he was appointed Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research. He was re-elected in the 2010 election and reappointed to the Cabinet as Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research in the 42nd Parliament. In 2012/13 he was Minister in the portfolios of Manufacturing, Defence Materiel and Minister for Human Services.
Kim Carr resigned from the Ministry on 22 March 2013 before being reappointed as Minister for Innovation, Industry, Science and Research and Minister for Higher Education on 1 July 2013.
On 18 October 2013, Senator Carr was appointed Shadow Minister for Higher Education, Research, Innovation and Industry. He is also Shadow Minister Assisting the Leader for Science.